The umbilical cord connects the baby to the placenta and the mother. 3 vessels pass through the umbilical cord, which are wrapped in Wharton’s gel – a translucent gelatinous mass. These vessels supply the fetus with oxygenated blood from the placenta rich in nutrients.
Umbilical cord tissue is a rich source of mesenchymal stem cells that can differentiate into cells of a wide range of tissues, such as e.g. tissues of bone, cartilage, tendons, muscles, nerves or liver. These are also found in umbilical cord blood, although in significantly smaller amounts than in umbilical cord tissue, as well as in placental tissue. The immunosuppressive and immunomodulatory abilities of mesenchymal stem cells can help in chronic inflammatory and autoimmune processes.
Mesenchymal stem cells are probably the most promising cell type for cell therapy, regenerative treatment of damaged organs, and treatment of various diseases.
At present, more than 200 clinical studies are verifying the potential use of umbilical cord tissue in the treatment of neurological, neurodegenerative, autoimmune and other diseases.Use of umbilical cord tissue