Placenta, also called the “tree of life”, is a complex organ that performs vital functions during pregnancy. In addition to providing a basic connection between mother and child, the placenta plays an active role in the harmonious growth and development of the fetus during pregnancy.
Placenta is formed in the first stages of pregnancy and very quickly becomes an extremely complex biological structure, fulfilling the role of the “lungs of the fetus” (it supplies oxygen and removes carbon dioxide). The fetus receives nutrients through the placenta, produces the hormones needed for the healthy development of the child and also serves as a protective barrier against infectious diseases.
Recent studies and research have provided convincing evidence of significant placental value not only during pregnancy but also of its possible use after childbirth.
Studies have also confirmed that placental tissue is an important source of mesenchymal and hematopoietic stem cells, and endothelial progenitors, which are finding increasing possibilities for therapeutic application in regenerative medicine.
Mesenchymal stem cells: are among the most promising type of cells for cell therapy and regenerative treatment of damaged organs. The ability to differentiate into cartilage cells, bone, skin, fat, muscle, heart, or the immunosuppressive and immunomodulating abilities of mesenchymal stem cells can help in chronic inflammatory and autoimmune processes.
Hematopoietic stem cells: the results of several studies have confirmed that placenta is an important source of blood-forming stem cells suitable for transplantation.
Endothelial progenitor cells: help in forming new blood vessels and also have the ability to repair blood cells. Studies have shown that placental tissue can be regarded as a rich source of endothelial progenitor cells necessary for the proper functioning of the blood flow and for remedying damage caused by arterial diseases, such as stroke, heart attack, peripheral arterial disease etc.Use of placental tissue